Clarke, P., J. A. Ailshire, M. Bader, J. D. Morenoff, and J. S. House. “Mobility Disability and the Urban Built Environment.” American Journal of Epidemiology 168.5 (2008): 506-13. Web. 14 Mar. 2017.
In this scholarly article, the authors used data from the Chicago Community Adult Health Study to examine the effect of built environments on adults 45 years or older with mobility disabilities. The built environment characteristics were assessed by using systematic social observation to rate the quality of the streets and sidewalks in their neighborhoods. The test results were separated based on their level of physical impairment in their lower extremities. The authors of this article found that the street conditions didn’t have an effect on the outdoor mobility of adults with more severe impairment in neuromuscular and movement-related functions. “The difference in the odd ratios for reporting sever mobility disability was over four times greater when at least one street was in fair or poor condition” (Clarke, Ailshire, Bader, Morenoff, & House 2008). Overall, if the quality of the streets and sidewalks could be improved, it would clearly benefit people with all levels of mobility disability.