Built environments originated in the late 1800s and early 1900s as a beautification process in attempt to draw the upper class into the city to spend their money. The term built environment is defined as “the humanitarian-made space in which people live, work, and recreate on a day-to-day basis”, or in simplest terms it is any man made area that “provides a setting for human activity”. Areas that fit this description include parks, neighborhoods, shopping centers, office buildings, and areas of the like. Recently, the definition of built environments was expanded to include access to healthy foods, community gardens, mental health, walkability, and bikeability.
Throughout the years, many unfavorable neighborhoods have been refurbished in an attempt to redefine the neighborhood by drawing in a new and preferably higher income crowd. The idea behind drawing in a higher income crowd is to eventually push out those with a lower income, which in turn would reduce the crime rates in that area, increase the cash expenditure, and increase job opportunities.
Roof, K; Oleru N. (2008). “Public Health: Seattle and King County’s Push for the Built Environment.”. J Environ Health. 71: 24–27.
“Built environment definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary.” Built environment definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.