Annotated Bibliography 2: The Built Environment & Obesity

Garfinkel-Castro, Andrea, Keuntae Kim, Hamidi Shima, and Reid Ewing. “The Built Environment and Obesity.” Metabolic Syndrome (2015): 1-14. Web. 5 Mar. 2017.

In this article, Garfinkel-Castro discusses  how built environments have an effect on the rate of obesity. He reports that the obesity rates for both children and adults have been rapidly increasing the past two decades. There are many physical, mental, and social consequences that come with obesity. Garfinkel-Castro states that “recent discussions regarding the obesity epidemic have focused on the role the environment plays in the increasing energy consumption and decreasing energy expenditure” (Garfinkel-Castro, 2015). He then continues on to say that the built environment plays an important role when it comes to influencing obesity because certain built environments create a climate that promotes increased energy consumption and reduced energy expenditure, also known as laziness. In this article, it explains how different aspects of built environments, such as housing, urban development, land use, transportation, industry, and agriculture have an influence on one’s health in a multitude of ways.

I believe that this scholarly article, “The Built Environment and Obesity” is a credible source. It has a variety of sources, along with citations, to provide evidence that the information in this article is valid and true.

Personal Site Response – Fairlie Poplar District

 When I first walked around the Fairlie Poplar District, I immediately noticed how Broad Street and Peachtree Street were lined with restaurants and shops..  Secondly, I noticed the homeless people hanging out across the street at Woodruff Park, along a brick wall facing Peachtree Street, watching the people as they pass by. At first, I felt overwhelmed by the amount of people and all of the hustle and bustle going on around Broad Street and Peachtree Street.  But, after spending a significant amount of time exploring the Fairlie Poplar District, I felt cheerful, carefree, and at peace. This district felt like a cute little city of its own, filled with a variety of shops, restaurants, and cafes..  Some of the roads were paved with bricks to add a charming, old town feel to the area.  The outdoor seating areas occupied by students of Georgia State University made the area feel welcoming and friendly. The area along Broad Street and Peachtree Street reminded me of a smaller version of New Orleans, with the multitude of people filtering in and out of the restaurants and shops. The various smells of fried foods and coffee, along with the sounds of cars passing and people carrying on conversations was also reminiscent of a miniature New Orleans.  

Focused Built Environment – Fairlie Poplar District


 The Fairlie Poplar District, located in downtown Atlanta, is named for the two streets that cross at its center; Fairlie and Poplar. Map of Fairlie-Poplar, Atlanta, GA 30303Covering approximately 10 acres of downtown Atlanta, the Fairlie Poplar District is made up of a variety of restaurants, shops, hotels, and office buildings, some of which belong to Georgia State University, such as the Aderhold Building and the Rialto Center for the Arts Building. 

Wafting through the air is a multitude of different smells and aromas which seem to be coming from the nearby restaurants and shops, including a hookah lounge. Lining the southeast perimeter of the Fairlie Poplar District is Peachtree Street, which is made up of a plethora of restaurants, including Moe’s, Arby’s, Cafe Hot Wings 11, Reuben’s Deli, and Dua Vietnamese Noodle Soup.   The parade of restaurants continues on Broad Street, which lies just west of Peachtree Street, complete with a Subway, Quizno’s, NaanStop, Smoothie King, Landmark Diner, and JR Crickets. Throughout the district there are multiple coffee shops and cafes to kick back and relax at. Walking down Broad Street, the air feels thick with the scent of different foods as students and people fill the streets while they pop in and out of the restaurants and shops that line the southeast perimeter of the Fairlie Poplar District.

Personal Site Response – Krog Street Bridge

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When I visited the Krog Street bridge, my first thought was that I didn’t feel completely safe, I was a little nervous, and a little uncertain about how this experience would turn out. However, after spending a significant amount of time under the bridge admiring the artwork, I slowly become more and more comfortable. In fact, I even began to feel inspired by all of the incredible artwork. As I walked through the tunnel, I took note of the different kinds of graffiti on the walls. Some of the graffiti looked juvenile and inexperienced, while it was obvious that some of the other pieces had a lot of thought, emotion, and time put into them. The variations between the styles and colors of the graffiti grasped my attention. Some pieces were simple, and even appeared to have been a stencil.
Meanwhile other pieces, which appeared to have been painted free hand, were more elaborate and detailed.  
A number of these works of art found under the Krog Street bridge, had a clear message behind them, however, there was also an assortment of artwork that does not appear to have any kind of obvious meaning attached to it. 
It is clear that the artist of this graffiti painting is very talented and experienced, but there does not seem to be any obvious  meaning behind graffiti-ing the word “theme” onto a wall under the Krog Street bridge.

After being in the tunnel and taking in the various pieces of graffiti artwork, I began to feel inspired. I no longer felt scared or intimidated or nervous, I began to feel free and light, and motivated to learn how to do graffiti! The tunnel was nicely equipped with a sidewalk on both sides of the roadway, along with a handrail to separate the sidewalk from the roadway. The sidewalk was even thoughtfully lit up with sconce-like wall mounted lights! Despite the beautiful artwork and the thoughtful sidewalk, the amount of trash and debris I found in the tunnel was disappointing. I feel like such an inspirational place should be respected more than it is. This is a great place for photo shoots, whether the subject is the graffiti itself, or a model with the graffiti as a unique and trendy backdrop. I also think that this is a great place to go explore on an adventure since there are so many different sites to see.

All of the pictures were taken by the Author unless otherwise specified.

Focused Built Environment- Krog Street Bridge

The Krog Street bridge, located at  1 Krog Street NE in Atlanta, is known for its graffiti covered walls. The graffiti under the bridge is a variety of detailed artwork, simple phrases, and everything in between.


The majority of the graffiti is brightly colored and creative.  Some of the artwork appears to have a meaning behind it, meanwhile other pieces seem to  be random phrases . 








A few of these artists used mediums other than spray paint, as shown in this photo. This artist used what appears to be vines from a kudzu plant to form the word “Kudzu” and then spray painted over the kudzu with green paint. There was also an abundance of posters and signs promoting various events, such as concerts, comedy and acting shows, festivals, and even advertising for local restaurants and shops.

Under the bridge it was cold, with a slight breeze passing through. The air smelled vaguely of trash, cigarette smoke, and gasoline. There was a multitude of trash scattered throughout the tunnel, such as cups, soda cans and beer bottles, food wrappers, cigarette butts, and items of that sort. Although it didn’t seem like many cars were passing through the tunnel, there is a sidewalk on both sides of the roadway. The sidewalk is enclosed by handrails and dimly lit by a row of wall “sconces”.


The areas surrounding the bridge are decorated with more artwork, including murals and cartoons.

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All photos were taken by the Author unless otherwise specified.