Reinventing these neighborhoods and introducing these new marketplaces has made a dramatic difference on the demographics of these areas. The population of both neighborhoods has increased and transitioned into being made up of primarily white people in their mid 30’s. The average income rate has risen, property value has risen, and the crime rate has decreased. These markets draw more people into these areas due to the entertainment and job opportunities that they hold.

However, despite the many positive aspects of these built environments, there are a few negatives aspects as well, such as the displacement of the original residents of the area. When these built environments take over the area, causing population rates to rise,  an increase in demand of housing also takes place. This results in an increase of the prices of housing, which forces many of the original residents to relocate in order to find more affordable housing options. Since these areas are becoming increasingly popular, the amount of traffic, pollution, and construction, along with the noise levels, have risen. 



Systems, Inc. Yardi. “725 Ponce.” COMMERCIALCafe. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

“154 Krog StreetAtlanta, GA 30307 ·.” LoopNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.


Description of Krog Street Market

Compared to the 1890s when Krog Street was inhabited by a handful of residents and a few random businesses, the area has experienced a radical change. With more people wondering in and out of the city, more homes being built, more businesses opening up, and more tourists visiting the area, Krog Street Market is a booming built environment.

Repurposing the old Atlanta Stove Works warehouse gives the Krog Street Market an authentic and nostalgic feel.  With a variety of eclectic shops and restaurants the Krog Street Market is the perfect destination for unique and specialty creations. This warehouse is filled with southern-grown restaurants and retail stores, and market stalls to sell produce, goods, and prepared foods. With a west-coast vibe, this space provides a gathering area to socialize with other Atlantans, whether it be sitting down for an exotic meal, browsing at the retail items, grabbing a coffee, or picking up some ingredients for dinner. 




Judi. Blog By Knight. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.

“HISTORY OF KROG.” Krog Street Market. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

Demographics of Ponce de Leon Area

The demographics of the Ponce de Leon area have changed substantially after the opening Ponce City Market. The population has increased, the demographic of the population has changed, the average household income has increased, and the economy in general has increased. 

Between 2000 and 2015, the population of this area has increased over 28%, to a whopping 111,965 people within a three mile radius of Ponce de Leon Avenue. The population is equally split with 50.3% being made up of men,  leaving the remaining 49.7% of the population for women. In just 5 years, between 2010 and 2015, the population on the three mile radius increased by 4,654 people, which is about 4.34%. 



Along with the population increasing, the average household income has increased as well. Over the course of 15 years, between 2000 and 2015, the average household income has increased by 26%, and 10% of that increase happened within just 5 years. In 2011, the average household income was $54,905, by 2015 that number increased drastically to $84,772.



“2752 Ponce de Leon Ave.” N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.

Systems, Inc. Yardi. “3060 East Ponce De Leon Avenue.” COMMERCIALCafe. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.


Demographics of Krog Street Area

The demographics of the area surrounding the Krog Street Market have changed drastically since the market itself has opened.

In 1990, when Tyler Perry Studios opened, the population within a 1 mile radius of Krog Street totaled 13,797 people. Within just 15 years, by 2015 the population had grown to 22,903 people, which was just two thousand less than the predicted population for the year 2017. A whopping 52.57% of those 22,903 people are white, while only 38.11% are African American. Just 5 years earlier, there was an equal distribution of white (49.5%) and black people (42.7%) among the population. 

Along with the population, the average household income of the Krog Street area changed as well. In 2011, within a three mile radius of Krog Street, the average household income was approximately $83,949. Just 3 years later, in 2013, the average household income sky rocketed to $124,801, proving that the changes made to the Krog Street area had a drastic impact on the neighborhoods surround that area, including the types of people and income ranges that inhabit that area.



“49 Krog Street NE.” Distil. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.

“Krog Street Market to Capitalize on Historic Atlanta Neighborhood.” Retail Real Estate Services | SRS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.

“44 Krog StreetAtlanta, GA 30307 ·.” LoopNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

“154 Krog StreetAtlanta, GA 30307 ·.” LoopNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.

History of Ponce City Market

Even though Ponce City Market is housed inside of the old Sears, Roebuck & Co building, the renovation and repurposing of this building has completely changed the demographics of the Ponce de Leon area. 

In 1925, Sears, Roebuck & Co of Chicago purchased 16 acres of land on Ponce de Leon Avenue with the plans to construct a retail store and a warehouse distribution center for the Southeastern US. The land was confined by Ponce de Leon on the north, Glen Iris Drive on the west, North Avenue on the south, and the Southern Railway on the east. After some time, the needs for a warehouse in the city began to diminish as many distribution centers were relocating to suburban sites. Sears, Roebuck & Co closed in 1989. The building was purchased from Sears by the city of Atlanta, under Mayor Maynard Jackson. It was soon converted into a center for city offices and renamed as City Hall East. After almost 20 years, the occupancy of City Hall East dropped to 10%, leading the City of Atlanta to sell the building. After taking note of its location, being in the proximity of four established neighborhoods, and realizing the potential of this historic building, Jamestown made a deal to purchase the building and began the restorations. In the summer of 2012, Dancing Goats Coffee Shop opens as the first tenant of Ponce City Market. Two years later, Suzuki School, Binders Art Supplies Store, The Flats leasing office, Ponce Gallery, General Assembly, Athenahealth, and many other businesses open their doors for business. Shortly thereafter, Ponce City Market it fully open and equipped with shops, the Central Food Hall, and BeltLine access. 

With unique and intriguing restaurants, boutique shops, and modernized apartments, Ponce City Market attracts people of higher income ranges, which generates economic improvements in this area.



Systems, Inc. Yardi. “725 Ponce.” COMMERCIALCafe. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Ponce City Market. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2017.


History of Krog Street Market

Over the years, Krog Street and the area surrounding it has changed drastically. These changes that were brought upon Krog Street began to draw in various new businesses to the area, along with a new crowd of people.

In 1889, the Atlanta Stove Works, which is located on Krog Street in Atlanta, introduced the Barrett Range to the field of cooking. By 1935 the Atlanta Stove Works was making approximately $500,000 per year. Some 30 years later, in 1969, under the leadership of Mr. Saunders Jones, sales had grown in excess of $35 million per year with employment of over 500 people. After being in business for almost 100 years, the Atlanta Stove Works closed their doors in 1987. After years of abandonment, the factory was transformed into a mixed-use development of offices and restaurants. Two years later, Tyler Perry purchased the land for $7 million, and eventually transformed it into his studio, which he called “Tyler Perry Studios”, where he made 16 movies, 14 stage plays, and 5 television programs. In 2012, the idea of Krog Street Market was developed, with plans to make the space into a mixed-use “epicurean center.” Only one year later, Krog Street Market officially announced its first seven tenants, which included 4 restaurants and cafes, a bakery, a florist, and a gift shop.The following year, in 2014, three of the seven tenants opened their doors for business. Two months later, in November of 2014, Krog Street Market officially opens.



“HISTORY OF KROG.” Krog Street Market. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2017.

“49 Krog Street NE.” Distil. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2017.

Annotated Bibliography 10: Built Environment and Climate Change

Wilby, R.l. “A Review of Climate Change Impacts on the Built Environment.” Built Environment 33.1 (2007): 31-45. Web. 16 Mar. 2017.

According to Wilby, “it is shown that built areas exert considerable influence over their local climate and environment, and that urban populations are already facing a range of weather-related risks such as heat waves, air pollution episodes, and flooding” (Wilby 2007). This review discusses the evidence of climate change and how it effects the environment in four main ways: urban ventilation and cooling, urban drainage and flood risk, water resources, and outdoor spaces. Wilby states that since climate change is expected to effect these problems, building designers and spatial planners are reacting to these changes with improved building design and changing the layout of cities. Roof top gardens provide multiple benefits for air quality and enhancing biodiversity. Wilby points out that “hard engineering solutions will continue to play a role in adapting to climate change, but so too will improved forecasting and preparedness, along with risk avoidance through planning controls” (Wilby 2007).

Annotated Bibliography 9: Built Environment and Crime

Schneider, Richard H., and Ted Kitchen. Crime prevention and the built environment. London: Routledge, 2007. Web.

In this book, titled Crime Prevention and the Built Environment, Schneider and Kitchen point out how the form, layout, and location of built environments have an impact on the opportunity to commit crime, which means the developers of these communities should be considering different forms of crime prevention as well. A high number of crimes take place in particular areas, and the characteristics of these areas have an influence on the types of crimes that do and don’t occur. Schneider and Kitchen bring up an idea to help control the crime levels, he suggests that “we might manipulate the physical environment at both the micro and macro scales in order to reduce or even eliminate the opportunities for crimes to be committed” (Schneider & Kitchen 2007).  Throughout this text, Schneider and Kitchen discuss the main three challenges that they will be addressing, and possible ways to address and potentially fix these challenges.

Annotated Bibliography 8: Built Environments and Stress

Evans, Gary ; Evans Terry. Environmental Stress. Cambridge: Cambridge U Press, 2011. Web. 14 Mar. 2017.

According to Chapter 6 of this book, there is evidence that built environments may produce both direct and indirect stress. Evan discusses the many different ways in which the built environment can cause an individual to be stressed. He states that if a tourist is searching for a particular building and cannot find it, this will cause the tourist to feel stressed. If the tourist is supposed to be at that building at a certain time, perhaps for a meeting, and cannot locate the building in time, it will cause the tourist to feel an entirely different level of stress. Another example of how built environments could cause stress would be with traffic, especially since traffic seems to be more congested around popular built environments. Evans delves into a few strategies to help deal with this stress caused by built environments.


Annotated Bibliography 7: Built Environments and Air Pollution

Frank, L. D. “Multiple Impacts of the Built Environment on Public Health: Walkable Places and the Exposure to Air Pollution.” International Regional Science Review 28.2 (2005): 193-216. Web. 14 Mar. 2017.

Many American’s are dependent on their vehicles for transportation due to the lack of opportunities to walk for utilitarian purposes, which has contributed to the increasing levels of air pollution and the alarmingly increasing rate of obesity among Americans. In this scholarly article, Frank states that “mixed use and more compact community designs show significant promise for the promotion for the promotion of physical activity and the reduction of regional air pollution levels.” There are many different possible ways to promote an increase in physical activity, such as compact development, which would encourage people to walk to more places,  resulting in a reduction in the amount of air pollution emitted by vehicles. Conversely, with increased compact developments comes the possibility for traffic congestion which would result in an increase of exposure to harmful emission within those central areas. Therefore this study is inconclusive at the time being, and further research is needed.